Victims of Human Trafficking are entitled to professional care and shelter accommodation in a safe environment. In the Collective Program there is decided that all regions should have a policy against human trafficking. Facilitating care and accommodation for victicms is vital.
The VNG have appointed a projectmanager to support regions in the devellopment of effective policy against human trafficking. This projectmanager will provide a Nationwide network for shelter for victims of human trafficking. In addition CoMensha has appointed a projectmanager to bring knowledge and expertise up-to-date in all regions and can support and stimulate if needed.
There are various types of accommodation facilities available to different categories of victims of human trafficking. These facilities are based first and foremost on victim-specific needs. For more detailed information on which types of shelters there are or where a specific victim should best be accommodated, please contact either the care coordinator in your region or CoMensha. Both parties have the best information available on regional accommodation and shelters, as well as specific facilities for specific categories of victims.
Victims with lawful residence status
Under the Social Support Act (Wmo), victims who reside lawfully in the Netherlands – including victims with a temporary residence permit under the Residence Scheme for Victims of Human Trafficking – are entitled to the same shelter as Dutch victims. In addition, these victims will have access to work, training and education under the Foreign Nationals (Employment) Act. If necessary, they shall also be entitled to social welfare benefits pursuant to Section 11, Paragraph 2, of the Participation Act.
Victims during the reflection period
Under the Regulations on Provisions for Certain Categories of Aliens (Rvb), victims within the reflection period will be entitled to a monthly allowance set at the level of the social welfare benefit allowance in the Netherlands (paid by the COA). The calculation of the allowances is based on the standard amounts referred to in the Work and Social Assistance Act. With the exception of the category of Minor Foreign Nationals, the Rvb also provides insurance for medical costs in addition to a monthly financial allowance.
Victims in ongoing asylum procedure
Victims who are in an ongoing asylum procedure are entitled to accommodation at an asylum seekers’ residence centre. This right to reception comes into being from the moment at which the asylum seeker requests asylum and lasts until they are either granted a residence permit or ordered to leave the Netherlands. At the asylum seekers’ centre, the asylum seeker will have access to basic facilities such as shelter, cooking and laundry facilities, and computers. In addition, asylum seekers are given a weekly living allowance under the Asylum Seekers (Provisions) Regulations (Rva).
The following organisations can provide accommodation and support to the various categories of victims of human trafficking. Although not an exhaustive list, it does provide an overview of the key players in the various categories. For advice on the best type of accommodation or shelter, it is recommended that you contact either your regional care coordinator or CoMensha.
Underage victims with lawful residence status
Victims who are minors and who are Dutch nationals or have lawful residence status may receive ambulatory support through Youth Care The Netherlands (
There are several institutions that offer specialised accommodation for domestic underage victims (for example, victims of pimp boyfriends), in addition to other forms of shelter and accommodation:
- Fier (Friesland)
- Kompaan en De Bocht (North Brabant)
- De Rading (Utrecht)
- Spirit (Amsterdam)
- Horizon Jeugdzorg en Onderwijs (Rotterdam)
Underage victims without lawful residence status
Unaccompanied underage victims without lawful residence status may be referred to Nidos for supervision or for placement in secure protection.
Adult victims with lawful residence status
- HVO Querido/ACM (Amsterdam)
- Humanitas PMW (Rotterdam)
- Jade Zorggroep (Drenthe)
- Fier (Friesland)
- Kompaan en de Bocht (North Brabant)
- De Wende (The Hague)
- Maatschappelijke Opvang regio 's-Hertogenbosch (North Brabant)
- Kadera Overijssel
- Spirit (up to the age of 23, Amsterdam)
Adult victims without lawful residence status
- Adult victims in their reflection period may turn to the Categorical Accommodation and Assistance for Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings (Categorale Opvang Slachtoffers Mensenhandel, COSM). Placement into a COSM shelter takes place via CoMensha.
- Victims of human trafficking engaged in an ongoing asylum procedure will receive shelter from the COA, the Central Agency for the Reception of Asylum Seekers.
Shelter is available specifically for male victims of human trafficking at the COSM of the Jade Zorggroep and at the men’s shelter for victims of violence in dependency relationships and human trafficking inside the four major cities. The website www.mannenmishandeling.nl refers visitors to the relevant institutions in Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht.