Municipalities

The municipalities play a key role in the comprehensive approach to human trafficking. Municipalities are in constant contact with various stakeholders and are able to allocate administrative resources to address human trafficking.

Administrative approach

Municipalities are responsible for the administrative approach to human trafficking. Municipalities are able to create licensing barriers against human trafficking practices. The enforcement of the Public Administration (Probity Screening) Act (Bibob) is a good example of such measures. In addition, municipal employees play a key role in recognising indicators of human trafficking; for example, when providing services to civilians and in cases of enforcement and supervision. A reference framework is available to support municipalities in addressing human trafficking practices, the ‘Manual for an administrative approach to addressing human trafficking’, (http://www.hetccv.nl/instrumenten/prostitutiebeleid/index?filter=achtergrondinformatie#8).

The manual recommends that an official should be appointed within the municipality to act as a point of contact for combatting human trafficking. This official will be familiar with the administrative options available to take action against human trafficking, as well as with the institutions and organisations to which victims may turn. The way in which municipalities shape this role may vary from a mere point of contact to a chain director. For example, a municipality may be in charge of managing the chain regarding pimp boyfriend grooming cases across several other municipalities (http://www.hetccv.nl/dossiers/loverboys).

Social support and youth support

Under the Social Support Act (Wmo 2015), municipalities are responsible for the shelter and care services available in the municipality. Under the Youth Act, municipalities are responsible for care provided to underage victims of human trafficking. Municipalities are also responsible for the Safe Home Centres aimed at providing support to victims of domestic violence and child abuse, which may include victims of pimp boyfriends. The central municipalities have made mutual agreements as to the centralised purchase of specialist services in women’s shelters, which include shelters for victims of pimp boyfriends. In addition, the youth-care institutions provide shelter to underage victims of pimp boyfriends.

Registration in Municipal Personal Records Database

Municipalities have a responsibility for any victims who are enrolled and registered in their area. Victims of human trafficking who are not registered in a municipality are subject to an ad hoc decision of that municipality: in principle, they will be registered in the municipality where they have been found.