What specialised shelter is available to victims of human trafficking?
Adult, non-Dutch victims within the B8 reflection period are entitled to shelter in the Categorical Accommodation and Assistance for Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings (Categorale Opvang voor Slachtoffers van Mensenhandel, COSM). In total, there are some 70 COSM slots available in the Netherlands, spread across three sites and institutions. All COSM applications should be submitted via CoMensha. For more information on COSM, please see https://www.comensha.nl/files/box/Comensha-BrochureENG-1015_HR.pdf.
Adult, Dutch victims and EU victims with B8 status are entitled to shelter at women’s, men’s or social shelter organisations. Following decentralisation in 2015, 35 central municipalities in the Netherlands are currently organisationally and financially responsible for the care and reception provided to these victims under the Social Support Act of 2015. Which central municipality and corresponding shelter is responsible depends on the municipality in which the victim is registered and/or has been found. CoMensha will be able to refer you to the appropriate shelter organisation and, if necessary, provide assistance to ensure placement.
Please click here for a complete overview of the central municipalities for women’s shelters: https://www.regioatlas.nl/indelingen/indelingen_indeling/t/centrumgemeenten_vrouwenopvang_geweld_in_huiselijke_kring.
Please click here for a list of the six institutions that provide shelter for men: http://www.mannenmishandeling.nl/.
Regular child protection measures and provisions, such as the provisions of Youth Care The Netherlands, apply to domestic underage victims and underage victims from EU countries. Specialised shelter is also available at several shelter institutions specifically intended for victims of grooming by pimp boyfriends. Please click here for a list of certified institutions that offer youth care protection, as well as youth and parenting support organisations: https://www.jeugdzorgnederland.nl/onze-leden/.
Secure protection is available to unaccompanied minor foreign nationals that may be victims of human trafficking. Nidos acts as a guardian for unaccompanied minor foreign nationals who may be victims of human trafficking and decides whether a minor foreign national should be housed in secure protection: this decision is taken at the slightest indication of human trafficking practices. For an overview of Nidos’s regional offices, please see https://www.nidos.nl/home/organisatie-en-medewerkers/contact/.
Shelter is available specifically for male victims of human trafficking at the COSM of the Jade Zorggroep and at the men’s shelter for victims of violence in dependency relationships and human trafficking in the four major cities. For more information, please visit www.mannenmishandeling.nl. In addition, there are other types of specialised shelter such as for victims of pimp boyfriends, unaccompanied underage asylum seekers, pregnant victims, victims with young children, teenage mothers, victims with medical problems or disabilities, victims with psychological issues, and victims with addiction and dependency issues. To get an overview of the range of specialised services available in your region, please contact the care coordinator.